Knowledge of Linux Network Share File Systems

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Dear viewers, today we are discuss Linux network share file system processes. This knowledge is very important our Linux environment. A network file system is a file system that, instead of being provided by a block device like a hard drive, is provided by a network attached storage server to multiple hosts over a network. Clients access the remote storage through a special file system protocol and format.

There are two primary protocols which are used in Linux to access network file systems: NFS and CIFS. NFS, the Network File System, acts much like a standard file system for Linux, UNIX, and similar operating systems. CIFS, the Common Internet File System, is the standard network file system for Microsoft Windows systems.

Whether the shared file system you want to use is based on NFS or CIFS, the same three basic steps apply if you want to mount it and access it on a Linux system.

Three Basic Steps for Accessing a Network Share

  1. Identify the remote share to access.
  2. Determine mount point where it should be mounted and create the mount point’s empty directory.
  3. Mount the network file system with an appropriate command or configuration change.

NFS: Network File System

NFS, the Network File System, is an Internet standard protocol used by Linux, UNIX, and similar operating systems, as their native network file system. It is an open standard under active extension which supports native Linux permissions and file system features.

CIFS: Common Internet File System

CIFS is the native network file system for Microsoft Windows operating systems. Linux systems can mount and accesses CIFS file shares as normal network file systems. However, since CIFS is built around the NTFS file system permissions model and its own authentication system, not everything in the CIFS protocol maps well to how the same things are done in Linux.

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