Have you ever thought that if u had another pc u might be able to test a new operating system?
Or something like trying to see how a server operating system or Linux works? well… u don’t need another personal computer to do it. U can use a Virtual machine to do the same thing with your existing personal computer.
Virtual machines or VM’s as we are going to call them from now on, utilize some resources from your pc to create a virtual environment that emulates a PC.So with some basic knowledge and a half decent personal computer or laptop u can test out various things in your VM without risking the stability of your OS or personal computer.We will use VMware as an example today to create a VM
These are the basics of VMware configuration…..
First of all u will need to have a version of VMware installed in your personal computer.I will be using vmware workstation 14 pro.
These steps are applicable to older versions of vmware too.If u need a tutorial on how to install vmware, leave a comment and I shall try my best to post one ASAP
Open vmware from where u installed it or just double click on the shortcut on your desktop (if u chose to create one)
Click on create a new Virtual machine
We are leaving it on Typical.
This is the most important part of the initial configuration
From the radio buttons select the type of Operating System you want to run on your VM
And from the Drop down menu select the version of the operating system u want your VM to run
In this case I’ve chosen Microsoft windows server 2012
After you have chosen the operating system and its version click next.
From here we can give your VM a name and choose the location where the VM’s files will be stored
After naming your VM and choosing a location click next
Click on the “store virtual disk as a single file” radio button
This will store all the VM’s data in a single file making it easier to copy and run on other computers that have vmware installed on them.
Click on customize hardware to set your ram capacity and network adapter settings (u can change them later if u want)
Here we can set the amount of ram the VM will use.
Note: a good idea is to allocate the half amount of ram you PC has (the pc you are running vmware on) and 1/4th or 1/3rd if you are planning to run 2 or more VM’s at the same time for networking experiments
Never select more ram than what your actual personal computer has this may cause slowdowns and other bugs
after you have selected the amount of ram click on CD/DVD (SATA)
Here u can either use your PC’s DVD drive or use an Image (.iso) file of your desired Operating System
Leave it on use physical Drive if u want to use your pc’s physical DVD drive or click on “iso image” file and browse to locate the iso of your desired operating system
After that has been done click on Network Adapter
We have 3 options here
I will explain all three
NAT will allow the VM to access the internet like u would on a normal PC using your PC’s connection if your pc is connected to the internet
Host only will allow you to create networks with multiple VM’s
Custom will provide many options I will discuss one of them here:
Choose VMnet1 from the custom drop down menu if u get and error while trying to select host only
After you’ve chosen your network adapter settings
Click on close and Finish
We are almost there
This will open a tab of your VM if u accidentally close it u can locate the vm from file>open
Now power on this device or edit if u want to change hardware settings
After powering on your device install the operating system as you would on a real PC
That’s all folks!
have a great day……