Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi ) – Security


Security has been one of the major deficiencies in Wi-Fi, though better encryption systems are now becoming available. Encryption is optional in Wi-Fi, and three different techniques have been defined. These techniques are given here:

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP):

An RC4-based 40-or 104-bit encryption with a static key.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):

This is a new standard from the Wi-Fi Alliance that uses the 40 or 104-bit WEP key, but it changes the key on each packet. That changing key functionality is called the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).

IEEE 802.11i/WPA2:

The IEEE is finalized the 802.11i standard, which is based on a far more robust encryption technique called the Advanced Encryption Standard. The Wi-Fi Alliance designate products that comply with the 802.11i standard as WPA2.

However, implementing 802.11i requires a hardware upgrade.


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